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Daily Vocab Capsule 25th November 2017

Daily Vocab Capsule 25th November 2017

1. Tom-tom (verb): (Proclaim or boast about.) (ढिंढोरा पीटना)
Synonyms: Brag, Crow, Blow one's own trumpet, Sing one's own praises.
Antonyms: Belittle, Disparage.
Verb forms: Tom-tom, Tom-tommed, Tom-tommed. 

2. Vindication (noun): (Proof that someone or something is right, reasonable, or justified.)   (प्रामाणिकता)
Synonyms: Justification, Substantiation, Rationalization.
Antonyms: Irrationality.
Verb forms: Vindicate, Vindicated, Vindicated.
Related words:
Vindicate (noun) - Show or prove to be right, reasonable, or justified.

3. Infallible (adjective): (Incapable of making mistakes or being wrong.) (कभी गलती न करने वाला/अचूक)
Synonyms: Unerring, Error-Free, Unfailing, Faultless, Flawless, Impeccable, Perfect
Antonyms: Erring, Fallible, Faulty, Imperfect.
Related words:
Infallibility (noun) - The quality of never making an error

4. Deride (verb): Express contempt for/ to subject to bitter ridicule. (उपहास करना)
Synonyms: Ridicule, Mock, Jeer At, Scoff At, Jibe At, Make Fun Of
Antonyms: Admire, Compliment, Praise, Respect
Verb forms: Deride, Derided, Derided
Related words:
Derision (noun) – Mockery

5. Reek (verb): (Lit- smell strongly and unpleasantly/fig-be suggestive of something unpleasant or undesirable.) (सांकेतिक/सूचक)
Synonyms: Stink, Smell, Insinuate (Undesirable), Imply (Unpleasant).
Antonyms: Perfume, Bode Well.
Verb forms: Reek, Reeked, Reeked.

6. Churlish (adjective): (Rude in a mean-spirited and surly way.) (अक्खड़)
Synonyms:  Ill-Mannered, Discourteous, Ungentlemanly, Un-Chivalrous, Rude, Sullen.

Antonyms: Polite, Refined, Sophisticated.

7. Plateau (verb): (Reach a state of little or no change after a period of activity or progress.)  (स्थिर हो जाना)
Synonyms: Stagnate, Become stagnant, Stand still, Be sluggish, Lie dormant.
Antonyms: Progress, Make headway, Gain ground.
Verb forms: Plateau, Plateaued, Plateaued.
Related words:
Plateau (noun) - An area of fairly level high ground/ a state of little or no change following a period of activity or progress.

8. Rub (noun): (The central problem or difficulty in a situation.) (रुकावट/कठिनाई)
Synonyms: Problem, Difficulty, Trouble, Drawback, Hindrance, Obstacle, Obstruction, Impediment.
Antonyms: Breakthrough, Solution.

9. Tentative (adjective): (Done without confidence/ Not certain or fixed; provisional.)  (संभावित/अनिश्चित))
Synonyms: Provisional, Unconfirmed, Unsettled, Indefinite
Antonyms: Certain, Conclusive, Decisive, Definite, Final
Related words:
Tentatively (adverb) - अस्थायी तौर से

10. Take the bull by the horn (idiom): (Deal decisively with a difficult or dangerous situation.) (साहसपूर्वक मुसीबतों का सामना करना)
Synonyms: Face boldly, Meet decisively, Be dauntlessly, Deal daringly.
Antonyms: Be timid, Be fearful.